West Lafayette (City of West Lafayette) is a city in Indiana, United States, about 65 miles northwest of Indianapolis and about 106 miles southeast of Chicago. The 2010 census, with a population of 29,596, was located across the Wabash River from Lafayette, the main campus of Purdue University.
City of West Lafayette, Indiana
|Nickname: West La La|
|· mayor||John Dennis|
|· City||5.5 14.3 square miles square kilometers)|
|· land||5.5 14.3 square miles square kilometers)|
|· water||0 Square Mile (0.0) square kilometers)|
|· metropolitan area||904.6 Square mile (2,000) square kilometers)|
|altitude||614 Feet (187) meters)|
|· City||29,596 people|
|· Estimate (2018)||48,308|
|· density||5,381.1 person/square mile (1,962.3 person/square kilometer)|
|· metropolitan area||182,821|
|· Xia Shi||EDT(UTC-4)|
|Mailing Area Number||47906|
|Phone area code||765|
|American national highways||US 52|
|State roads in Indiana||SR 26|
|airport||Purdue University Airport|
Sillafayette first started in 1836 in Leve, south of the Wabash flood zone, by Augustus Wylie. The town of Huaili was never really established because of the effects of frequent flooding. The town of West Lafayette is now a combination of neighboring districts, including Chauney, Oakwood and Kingston, just across the Wabash River, near Lafayette. The three towns were originally three small neighboring villages, and the Kingston District was in 1855 by Jesse B. Raz. Lutz, founded in 1860 by the Qiongxi family, a wealthy land-investment tycoon from Philadelphia. In 1866, Qiongxi and Kingston established the city government and chose Qiongxi as the new town name.
Until the founding of Purdue University in 1869, the new town was still a small suburban village. In 1871, the town of Qiongxi voted to incorporate Lafayette because of the lack of access to comprehensive urban utilities, such as good streets, water, police and fire-fighting systems. But because the cost of improving the lack of public facilities in Qiongxi was too high, the city of Lafayette immediately voted against the integration. By the time the city was officially founded in 1888, the growth of Purdue University was enough to drive the town. Purdue's address changed from Lafayette to Lafayette after the 20th century. The West Lafayette never set up railway stations and lagged behind Lafayette in construction and public facilities, but in 1940 the West Lafayette became a separate city.
The West Lafayette was located at(40.441935, -86.912409) Wabash River, the height within the territory varies from 500 feet to 720 feet in the north close to Highway 52. According to the US Census Bureau, West Lafayette covers an area of 14.3 square kilometers (5.5 square miles). Land covers almost all 14.3 square kilometers and waters only 0.18%.
The central part of Indiana, where Silafaye belongs, is affected by the effects of the Great Lakes, with heavy snowfall in winter and intense in summer, the most comfortable weather in spring and autumn. Due to the topography and climate relations in the Midwest of the United States, the more common natural disasters are tornado, snowstorm, thunderstorms and so on.
|West Lafayette, Indiana|
|Highest historical temperature(°C)||69 |
|Average high temperature(°C)||34 |
|Average low temperature°F (°C)||19 |
|Historical Lowest Temperature at°F (°C)||-23 |
|Average Precipitation inmm (mm)||1.86 |
|Average snowin cm||6.5 |
|Average Precipitation Days (≥ 0.01 in)Average Precipitation Days||9.6||7.7||10.2||10.9||10.6||10.4||8.9||8.4||7.6||6.3||9.8||10.1||112.5|
|Average snowfall days (≥ 0.1 in)||5.3||1.3||1.7||0.3||0||0||0||0||0||0.1||0.9||3.5||15.1|
|Credit #1:The Weather Channel|
|Source #2:NOAA: Lafayette|
According to the 2000 census, the population of West Lafayette was 28,778 and 10,462 households, with a population density of 2,016.6 persons per square kilometer (5,219.6 persons per square mile). The population is 83.4% white, 11.34% Asian, 2.38% black, 0.16% Native American, 0.03% Pacific Islanders, 3.2% Latino, 1.17% other race, and 1.58% multi-ethnic.
Of the 10,462 households, 14.9% are families with children under 18 years of age, 27.6% are families with only spouses, 4.4% are families with wives and 65.7% are non-family households. Of these, 32.7% were in single households and 7.3% were in elderly households over 65 years of age. The average family member is 2.26 and the average family member is 2.89.
The population age distribution is 10.4% below the age of 18, 54.6% between the ages of 18 and 24, 16.9% between the ages of 25 and 44, 10.3% between the ages of 45 and 64 and 7.7% over the age of 65. The median age is 22 years. The population's age distribution fully reflects the activities of Purdue students in the city. The unusual gender ratio, which is also 1.335:1 compared to 1.372:1 for men and women over 18 years of age, can also be explained by the fact that the Purdue University offers more science and engineering departments, mainly male students.
The median annual income in West Lafayette is USD 24,869, compared to USD 71,510 for households. The median income for men is USD 46,787 and for women is USD 30,218, of which approximately 9.5% of households and 38.3% of the population have incomes below the poverty line, but the poverty line data do not accurately reflect the wealth of the predominantly student population of West Lafayette.
The main campus of Purdue University is located in West Lafayette and currently has about 40,000 students.
The basic education in West Lafayette consists of three public schools: Cumberland Elementary School (grades 1 to 3), Happy Hollow Elementary School (grades 4 to 6) and West Lafayette Junior-Senior High School (grades 7).
In addition, some churches or some private institutions have other schools, such as the Pleasantview SDA school at Seventh-day Adventist, which offers eighth-grade classes, and the Montesori school in the Greater Lafayette area, which offers sixth-grade classes. In addition, there are public and private schools that, although located outside the West Lafayette area, still offer educational courses at the West Lafayette address.
The Government of West Lafayette consists of the mayor, the finance minister and a seven-member parliament. The Mayor is the chairman of the Chief Executive's Council and the Public Works and Security Committee, and the Finance Officer is in charge of the city and the courts.
Silafaye is divided into five administrative districts, each of which is elected with one member and the other two members of the non-zoning council. The main task of the Parliament is to formulate laws, orders and directions, and the Speaker of the Parliament is the first order for the mayor to be unable to complete his term of office and to act as mayor when the mayor is unable to attend the Parliament.
Each elected public official is appointed for a term of four years, but is re-elected. Elections for all public officials are held in the odd years following the presidential election.
The economic impact of Silafaya was felt by the University of Purdue, mainly because the University of Purdue had nearly 40,000 students, more than the population of Silafaye, and the University of Purdue had provided some 12,000 jobs in the Lafayette and West Lafaye areas. In June 2006, statistics showed an unemployment rate of 4.5% in the Lafayette metropolitan areas, including Lafayette and West Lafayette.
In 1961, the 591-hectare Purdue Research Park had more than 140 high-tech companies and about 2,500 employees. The main work is the research and development of communication equipment and other world-class research, and there are many plants and offices in the park to assist newly established companies in their entrepreneurship. The Purdue Research Park is also one of the largest research parks established in the name of a university in the United States and is managed by the Purdue Research Foundation. Companies located in the Purdue Research Park include:
- Arxan Tech Pages Archive Backup, In Internet Archives
- C-SPAN archives
- Cook Biotechnology
- Endocyte Biotechnology
Business activity is mainly in Lafayette. The Levy district, which occupies about 90 hectares, is also the largest commercial area in West Lafayette, thanks to its bridges to the area. The main shopping district in the area is Wabash Landing page archive backup, which is in the Internet Archive has a variety of stores, restaurants, coffee shops, cinemas, hotels and ice skating rink. Another commercial district is a commercial area around the city near Sagamore Parkway, where major groceries, food, pharmacies and chain restaurants can be found.
- Purdue University Airport: There are no commercial flights.
- Interstate I-65, the main road connecting the suburbs of Chicago with Indianapolis.
- US National Highway US 52, connecting the suburbs of Chicago to Indianapolis.
- US National Highway US 231, connecting the suburbs of Chicago with Kentucky, is also an important road to the north-west of the city.
- SR 26, State Road, Indiana, connecting Purdue University with Kokomo. West to Illinois State 9 and east to Ohio State 119. In West Lafayette, the road is named State St., and is also the East-West Direction Important Outer Company road of the city center and Purdue University.
- SR 43, Indiana State Road, connecting US National Highway US 421 to the north, continuing to Michigan City. In West Lafayette, the road is named River Rd. and is also an important road from the north-south to the east of the city, where the interstate I-65 meets in the West Lafayette interchange.
- Sagamore Parkway, the main road north of West Lafayette, formerly part of US National Highway US 52.
- Northwestern Avenue, a north-south major road in West Lafayette connecting Sagamore Parkway with Purdue University. Formerly under US National Highway US 231.
- Amtrak: Lafayette just across the bridge.
- Indiana: Daily flights to and from Chicago and Indianapolis were suspended in 2019.
- Cardinals: Regular weekly shifts between Chicago and New York. Lafayette trains travel directly to major cities such as New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington, D.C., Cincinnati, Indianapolis, Chicago, or to Chicago.
The Mass Transportation in City and the Passenger Transportation Outside City
- CityBus: Provision of public transportation services in the Lafayette and West Lafayette areas. This mass transit service can be used to transfer to Lafayette for Amtrak trains or long-haul passenger greyhound buses to major cities such as Chicago, Indianapolis, Cincinnati, Atlanta and New York.
- Express Air Coach: An airport shuttle to Chicago O'Hall International Airport is available, as well as a weekend shuttle to and from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
- Reindeer Shuttle: An airport shuttle to Indianapolis International Airport and Chicago O'Hare International Airport is available.
- Lafayette Limo: Provides an airport shuttle to Indianapolis International Airport and Chicago O'Hare International Airport.
International cultural activities are also very rich because of the large number of international students and professors in the West Lafayette area. Apart from the campus activities mainly at Purdue University, there are also many regional cultural activities. A number of other activities have been co-organized with Lafayette, such as Taste of Tippecanoe, National Day fireworks.
- Spring Fest: Each April, the spring exhibition, focusing on the relevant departments of agriculture, will be held on the campus of Purdue University.
- Global Fest: The annual Global Fest around Labor Day is a celebration organized by the city council before the end of summer, with international students and residents from different countries participating.
- Starry Night Festival: Every September or October, it is a cultural event full of music and art.
- The Feast of the Hunters' Moon: A historic event commemorating the early years of Indian-French exchanges and land reclamation, held in early October in Fort Ouiatenon.
- Wabash River. Encyclopedia Britannica On line Traditional Chinese Edition
- History of West Lafayette. City Government of West Lafayette. [2006-09-09].
- Robert Kriebel. Old Lafayette Vol. II: 1854-1876. Tippecanoe County Historical Association. 1990.
- US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990. United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12 [2011-04-23].
- Monthly Averages for Lafayette, IN(47905). The Weather Channel. [June 13, 2014].
- Climatology of the United States No. 20: LAFAYETTE 8 S, IN 1971-2000 (PDF). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. [November 19, 2011].
- Census data for West Lafayette, Indiana. [2006-09-09]. (Original content archived in 2020-02-12).
- West Lafayette Community School Organization. [2007-11-27]. (Original content archived in 1998-02-08).
- West Lafayette City Code. [2006-09-12].
- Indiana Workforce Development(press release dated August 23, 2006). Preliminary State Unemployment Figures Released (PDF). [2006-09-12]. (Original Content Archive (PDF) 2006-09-26).
- CityBus Official Website Page Archive Backup, Available in Internet Archives (English)
- Express Air Coach Official Website (English)
- Reindeer Shuttle Official Website (English)
- Lafayette Limo Official Website Page Archive Backup, Available in Internet Archives (English)
- Spring Fest official website. [2018-04-12]. (Original content archived in 2018-04-13).
- Introduction to Global Fest
- Starry Night Festival official website
- The Feast of the Hunters' Moon official website